The doctrine of penal substitutionary atonement (PSA) has been at the center of a recent theological controversy here in Ontario. Throughout church history, Christians have rightly understood this doctrine to be central to Christ’s cross-work. Since the 19th century, however, in conjunction with the rise of liberalism, this doctrine has periodically found itself in the theological crosshairs of liberal scholars and pastors. Consequently, over the
Jesus Christ died on the cross as a propitiation for our sins (1 John 2:2). He bore our sins in his body on the cross as our substitute (1 Peter 2:24). In doing so, he pacified the wrath of God on behalf of his people. This is known as the doctrine of penal substitutionary atonement (PSA). This doctrine is the heart of the gospel, has been
A bunch of big name pastors are gutting Christ’s cross-work from the gospel. Denying that Christ propitiated God, they claim that God did not pour out His wrath on Christ. For them, Christ did not bear the wrath of God. They say that God did not require blood to forgive sins. Instead, they allege, God can just wink sin away because, after all, He’s God.
Why did Jesus die on the cross? That the cross is central to Christianity makes the answer to that question crucially important. Central to all aspects of His crucifixion is that on the cross Jesus paid the penalty for sin. His payment fully satisfied God’s wrath so that His death turned God’s wrath away from us. On the cross he suffered the wrath we deserve…
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